Current Affairs – 18 September 2020

1. India ranks 116 in the Human capital Index of World Bank

India ranked 116th in the latest edition of the World Bank’s 2020 Annual Human Capital Index. Last year India ranked 115th out of 157 countries. The index compares key components of human capital across countries.

Highlights:

  • Health and education data for 174 countries up to March 2020 was included in The 2020 Human Capital Index update. It covered approximately 98% of the world’s population.
  • The analysis showed that before the pandemic, most countries were making steady progress in building children’s human capital. He also said that the greatest progress made in low-income countries.
  • India’s score fell to 0.49 from 0.44 in 2018, according to the Human Capital Index report published by the World Bank.
  • The index also shows that there has been a significant drop in remittances and that total income is down 11% or 12%.

2. Astronomers find possible hints of life in the clouds of Venus

Astronomers recently found a potential sign of life in the atmosphere of Venus. Two telescopes in Hawaii and Chile have spotted the chemical signature of phosphine in the thick Venetian clouds. This gave a clue that there might be some bizarre microbes living in the sulfuric acid-laden clouds of Venus.

Highlights:

  • Researchers used the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope (JCMT) in Hawaii for the first time to detect phosphine. Then they used the Atacama Large Millimeter / submillimeter Array (ALMA) in Chile.
  • Both installations observed Venus at a wavelength of about 1 millimeter at high altitude.
  • It was speculated that the clouds high over Venus could provide a home for microbes.
  • The detection of phosphine molecules, made up of hydrogen and phosphorus, could point to this extraterrestrial air life.

Note:

Phosphine can only be found in rocky planets like Earth and Venus. This gas can only be produced by life like a human or a microbe. Phosphine can also be made.

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